Tabriz city

Tabriz city

Sunday, May 14, 2017

Saint mary church of tabriz

The Saint Mary's Armenian church is an ArmenianChristian church located in TabrizEast Azerbaijan ProvinceIran. It is the largest and oldest Christian church in Tabriz and a notable centre for Armenian national and religious ceremonies held by the Armenian community of Tabriz. The church is located in the Dik Bashi district of Tabriz.
This church was built in the 6th century AH (12th century AD) and in his travel chronicles, Marco Polo, the famous Venetian traveler who lived during the 8th century AH (14th century AD), referred to this church on his way to China. For many years, Saint Mary's served as the seat of the Azarbaijan Armenian archbishop. It is a handsomely built edifice, with annex buildings sprawled over a large area. A board of Armenian peers governs the well-attended church.

Tabriz fire fighting tower

The Tabriz Firefighting Tower (also Yanghyn Tower;Azerbaijani Turkic: يانغين کوله‌سی, Persian: برج آتش‌نشانی) is a historical tower located in TabrizIran. The tower, standing at 23 meters high, was built in 1917. It was used to investigate fire related incidents inside the city. The city was constantly observed from this tower for any signs of smoke and fire. Following any visual evidence, the firemen were informed and sent to the fire incident location.
The firefighting station of Tabriz, which is the first firefighting station in Iran, was established in 1832.

Saturday, May 13, 2017

Arg of tabriz

Arg of Tabriz (Persian: ارگ تبريز‎‎, also known as Arg Alishah, Arg-e Alishah, Arch of Alishah, Arg Citadel, and Masjid Ali-Shāh), is the remnants of a big unfinished 14th-century mausoleum and a 19th-century military castle and barrack in city center of Tabriz, Iran. The original construction was made between 1318 and 1339, during the Ilkhanate. Within the construction, the roof of the mausoleum collapsed and the construction was stopped afterward. Centuries later, by the eruption of the Russo-Persian War, 1804-1813, and the Russo-Persian War (1826-1828), the compound was quickly reconstructed as a military compound. During the reconstruction of the Arg compound, a foundry factory for the manufacturing of cannons for the Iranian Army was built, as well as a military headquarter, a barrack for the troops, and a small palace was added as well to the original plan of the Arg.[1] Samson Makintsev, better known as Samson Khan, a Qajar Iranian general of Russian origin, lived inside the citadel for years together with his wife, the daughter of Prince Aleksandre of Georgia. During the Russian invasion of Tabriz in 1911 they shelled the Arg in initial attacks. Once they captured the city, they used the Arg as a central command center. During their occupation, because of careless handling, the artillery pieces they used set fire on parts of Arg. During the Pahlavi era, parts of the Arg which had been constructed in the 19th century by the Qajar dynasty, were destroyed. This destruction was with the aim of purifying the original Arg construction from later developments. The southern part of the Arg was turned to a park, the "Mellat Garden" (lit. park of the people), before the Iranian revolution in 1979 In the early 1980s after the suppression of uprising of supporters of Muslim People's Republic Party against the new establishment of mixing religion and state and neglecting of Azerbaijani minorities, Moslem Malakuti selected as new Imam Juma of Tabriz by the revolutionary government. During his tenure in Tabriz the destruction of Ark's Qajar era addendum wall and cultural institutes and ark theater surrounding it accomplished and a new mosque for Friday prayers. Some people believe this destruction of local heritage was a systematic destruction of local Azerbaijani identity. In the 1990s and 2000s, a rehabilitation and renovation project was executed by the Iranian Organization for Cultural Heritages. During this rehabilitation, however, all of the remaining Qajar era development from Arg castle were destroyed. At the same period, a new big mosque was built next to the Arg castle. The superstructure of the new mosque undermine the architecture of Arg castle.[1] Despite the regulations of the Iranian Organization for Cultural Heritages and several court hearing the construction of the new structure continued and accomplished.

Thursday, May 11, 2017

Saat tower

Sa'at Tower also known as Tabriz Municipality Palace(Persianکاخ شهرداری تبریز‎‎, also Romanized as Sā'at Tower) is the city hall and main office of the municipal government of TabrizEast Azarbaijan ProvinceIran.
The Municipality was built in 1934 as the Tabriz municipal central office. After World War II it was used by the Azerbaijan Democrat Party as a Government Office. When Iranian troops regained control of Tabriz in 1947, the building was again used as the Tabriz municipal central offices, a function which has continued up to the present day.
During the 1990s, in an attempt for installing an elevator, one of Saat's patios was damaged. The dome in top of the tower of Saat was reconstructed on 2008 with a new khaki colored fiber glass instead of the original silver colored dome. Since 2007, part of the building houses the Municipal Museum.
In recent years parts of the building is reorganized as municipality museum of Tabriz. The museum includes historical maps of Tabriz and photos of new establishments and reconstructions in Tabriz. There are also some of first equipment and machines used in the city including: first movie projector, first taxi cars, and old firefighting tracks. In major hall of the museum some of the best hand weave rugs of Tabriz are presented.
Since Saat Tower is located in the center of the city, it has been used for various ceremonies and gatherings in the city. During 1947 it was used as the seat of the Azerbaijan Peoples' Government.
  • Iranian new year, at the beginning of every new Iranian Year (20 March), a big Haft-Sin is made behind Saat.
  • Earth hour, since 2014 Tabriz celebrate the earth hour by turning off the lights for Saat Tower.

Wednesday, May 10, 2017

El golu park

El Gölü (Azerbaijani: El Gölü ائل گؤلو, and Persian: ائل گلی), also known as Shah Gölü (Persianشاه گلی‎‎, AzerbaijaniŞah Gölü) is the name of a large park inTabrizIran. It has a square artificial lake surrounded by side walk in four sides. There is also a building in the middle of the lake, with traditional architecture ofIranian Azerbaijan. In South of the lake there is a hill covered by trees. Two beautiful stairways connecting the side walks to the top of the hill. At top of the hill there is a building with modern architecture (Hotel Pars building). There is also a funfair next to the park.
The early history of the El-Gölü is not clear. However, it seems that the lake originally was used as a water resource for agricultural purposes. In old times[when?] there was an artificial island with a small palace in the middle of the lake which was used as royal summer palace during the Qajar dynasty (when Tabriz was the official residence of the Prince of Iran). During 2nd Pahlavi's the palace was reconstructed and a pass-way was built to connect the island to the sidewalks around the lake, constructed in Karakoyunlu period 1485 AD.

Monday, May 8, 2017

Maqbaratoshoara tabriz

Maqbarat-o-shoara (Persianمقبرةالشعراء‎‎) or theMausoleum of Poets (مزارِ شاعران Mazār-e Shāerān orمزارِ سرایندگان Mazār-e Sorāyandegān) is a graveyard belongs to classical and contemporary poets, mystics and other notable people, located in the Surkhab district of Tabriz in Iran. It was built by Tahmaseb Dolatshahi in the mid-1970s while he was the Secretary of Arts and Cultures of East Azarbaijan.
On the east side of Sayyed Hamzeh's grave and Ghaem Magham's grave, there is a graveyard containing the graves of important poets, mystics, scientists and well-known people of Tabriz. The Mausoleum was first mentioned by the medieval historian Hamdollah Mostowfi in his Nozhat ol-Gholub. Hamdollah mentions it being located in what, at the time, was the Surkhab district of Tabriz.
Since the 1970s, there have been attempts to renovate the graveyard area. Some work has been carried out like the construction of a new symbolic building on this site.
The first poet buried in this complex is Asadi Tusi(999-1072).

Blue mosque tabriz

The Blue Mosque (AzerbaijaniGöy məscid;Persianمسجد کبود‎‎ - Masjed-e Kabūd) is a famous historic mosque in TabrizIran. The mosque and some other public buildings were constructed in 1465 upon the order of Jahan Shah, the ruler of Kara Koyunlu.[1]
The mosque was severely damaged in anearthquake in 1780,[2] leaving only the iwan(entrance hall).[3] Reconstruction began in 1973 by Reza Memaran Benam under the supervision of Iranian Ministry of Culture. However, it is still incomplete.

Tabriz grand bazar

The Bazaar of Tabriz (Persianبازار تبریز‎‎, also Romanized as Bāzār-e Tabriz) is a historical market situated in the city center of TabrizIran. It is one of the oldestbazaars in the Middle East and the largest covered bazaar in the world.[citation needed]and is one of Iran's UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[2]

Constitution house of tabriz

The Constitution House of Tabriz, also known as Khaneh Mashrouteh, is a historical edifice located next to the Great Bazaar of Tabriz, on Motahari Ave in TabrizIran. During the years which led to Constitutional Revolution and afterwards the house was used as a gathering place of the leaders, activists and sympathizers of the movement. Among them, the most famous people were Sattar khanBagher KhanSeqat-ol-Eslam Tabrizi and Haji Mirza Aqa Farshi and the founder Haji Mehdi Kuzeh kanaani, himself a revolutionary activist and a well-reputed person of the time; who was named Abolmele, i.e. the father of the nation at the time. . The two-story building was constructed in 1868 by Haj Vali Me'mar-e Tabrizi[1]. It has numerous rooms and halls. The most beautiful part of the house is a skylight and corridor decorated with colorful glass and mirrors.

The house was constructed by order of Haj Mehdi Koozekonani in 1868. It includes a two floor building with internal and external areas featuring Qajar period architecture. Haj Mehdi Koozekonani was a merchant in the Bazaar of Tabriz. with initiating of Constitution revolution and rising up in Tabriz city, Haj Mehdi joined the revolution and became one of the major financier of the revolution. in the same time he used the house as a place for meeting of the revolution heads, and a place for publication of underground paper of the constitution movement. The house became important in the history once again just after world war II when it is used a place for Azerbaijan's Democrat Party meeting center (1946-1947). On 1975 the house is registered by Cultural Heritage of Iran.[1]

The first floor is an exhibition of sculptures of famous Iranian constitution revolutionaries and some of their personal belongings including their weapons, underground published newspaper of the revolution, night letters, the printing machine which was used in the house to publish revolution papers, and numerous photos from the revolution. One of the rooms in the building is belongs to the woman's role in the revolution.

Azerbaijan Museum

is the major archaeological and historical museum in Tabriz, in the northwest part of Iran(East Azerbaijan province). It was established on April 1958.[1] The museum consists of three major halls, a side yard, office rooms and a library. It mostly contains objects discovered from excavations in Iranian Azerbaijan, also some artworks and sculptures of artists. Its library contains more than 2500 books, both handwritten and printed, about history, archaeology, art and Iranian culture.[2] Apart fromNational Museum of Iran in Tehran, Azerbaijan Museum has the largest collection belonging to different periods of Iran's history.
The museum has three galleries. The first gallery bears the oldest remains from 5th millennium BC until Sassanian dynasty (212-656 AD). The museum's monuments include goddesses, Rhytons, two skeletons (male and female) and a carved slab of marble known asBism Allah-Stone.
The second gallery consists of two parts: one for Islamic archeology and another part for coins and seals. Part one involves pottery dated from the 10th to the 19th centuries. The coins of this gallery (part two), began with the Achamenid dynasty and end in the Qajar dynasty. The displayed seals and stamps date from the third millennium BC to Islamic eras.
The third gallery includes some sculptures made by Ahad Hosseini. They are made of plaster and represent the sculptor's own image about the fate of mankind in the 20th century.
In the yard of museum some stone figurines, statues, rams and inscriptions are kept.

Meshginshahr suspension bridge

Meshginshahr suspension bridge crosses the Khiav River, near MeshginshahrArdabil Province in the northwest Iran. It is theMiddle East's largest suspension bridge with a height of 80 metres (260 ft) and length of 365 metres (1,198 ft). The original bridge was built in 2015. It was designed and installed by Eng. Mahmoud Ganjalibeyk and Eng. Ali Ganjali-beyk.

Sunday, May 7, 2017

Orumiye lake

Lake Urmia (Persianدریاچه ارومیه‎‎,Daryāche-ye OrūmiyeAzerbaijaniاورمیا ﮔﺆﻟﻮUrmiya gölü) is an endorheic salt lakein Iran.[3][4] The lake is between the provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan in Iran, and west of the southern portion of the Caspian Sea. At its greatest extent, it was the largest lake in the Middle East and the sixth-largestsaltwater lake on Earth, with a surface area of approximately 5,200 km2 (2,000 sq mi), a length of 140 km (87 mi), a width of 55 km (34 mi), and a maximum depth of 16 m (52 ft).[5] The lake has shrunk to 10% of its former size due to damming of the rivers that flow into it, and the pumping ofgroundwater from the surrounding area.[6]
Lake Urmia, along with its once approximately 102 islands, is protected as a national park by the Iranian Department of Environment.